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      2018年6月英語四級閱讀真題試卷一:仔細閱讀1(46-50,滬江)

      Question 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.

      Living in an urban area with green spaces has a long-lasting positive impact on people's mental well-being, a study has suggested. UK researchers found moving to a green space had a sustained positive effect, unlike pay rises or promotions, which only provided a short-term boost. Co-author Mathew White, from the European Centre for Environment and Human Health at the University of Exeter, UK, explained that the study showed people living in greener urban areas were displaying fewer signs of depression or anxiety. "There could be a number of reasons,” he said, “for example, people do many things to make themselves happier: they strive for promotion or pay rises, or they get married. But the trouble with all those things is that within six months to a year, people are back to their original baseline levels of well-being. So, these things are not sustainable; they don’t make us happy in the long term. We found that for some lottery(彩票)winners who had won more than £500,000 the positive effect was definitely there, but after six months to a year, they were back to the baseline."

      Dr. White said his team wanted to see whether living in greener urban areas had a lasting positive effect on people's sense of well-being or whether the effect also disappeared after a period of time. To do this, the team used data from the British Household Panel Survey compiled by the University of Essex.

      Explaining what the data revealed, he said: "What you see is that even after three years, mental health is still better, which is unlike many of the other things that we think will make us happy." He observed that people living in green spaces were less stressed, and less stressed people made more sensible decisions and communicated better.


      46. According to one study, what do green spaces do to people?
      A) Improve their work efficiency.
      B) Add to their sustained happiness.
      C) Help them build a positive attitude towards life.
      D) Lessen their concerns about material well-being.

      47. What does Dr. White say people usually do to make themselves happier?
      A) Earn more money.
      B) Gain fame and popularity.
      C) Settle in an urban area.
      D) Live in a green environment.

      48. What does Dr. White try to find out about living in a greener urban area?
      A) How it affects different people.
      B) How strong its effect is.
      C) How long its positive effect lasts.
      D) How it benefits physically

      49. What did Dr. White research reveal about people living in a green environment?
      A) Their stress was more apparent than real.
      B) Their decisions required less deliberation.
      C) Their memories were greatly strengthened.
      D) Their communication with others improved.

      50. According to Dr. White, what should the government do to build more green spaces in cities?
      A) Find financial support.
      B) Improve urban planning.
      C) Involve local residents in the effort.
      D) Raise public awareness of the issue.

      參考答案:
      Passage One
      [B] Add to their sustained happiness.
      [A] Earn more money.
      [C] How long its positive effect lasts.
      [D] Their communication with others improved.
      [A] Find financial support

      四級閱讀部分解析

      Passage One
      本文節選自BBC NEWS網站Science & Environment板塊,一篇名為Green spaces have lasting positive effect on well-being的文章。文章指出居住在環境更為綠色健康的社區對人有持續的積極作用。研究發現,不同于升職加薪,結婚或者中彩票這類事件給人帶來的短期的快樂,居住在一個好環境給人帶來的積極影響可持續三年以上。人們的健康和好的環境密不可分,但是對于政府來說麻煩的是找到資金來源,建立一個高質量的綠色社區。

      文章后題目主要考查事實細節,同樣根據出題的順序原則,找出題干中的關鍵詞如Dr. White,government等,再返回原文進行定位, 一些題目選項跟原文有一定的出入,需要仔細甄別得出答案。

      [B] Add to their sustained happiness.
      本題對應原文首段中UK researchers found moving to a green space had a sustained positive effect. 又根據第一段的意思可得出居住在綠色的環境里會使人更加的快樂,故得出答案。

      [A] Earn more money.
      本題對應原文首段中Mathew White所說的話中“ for example people do all sorts of things to make them happier: they strive for promotion at work, pay rises, they even get married. ”由此推導出答案。

      [C] How long its positive effect lasts.
      又第一段可知如升值、加薪、中彩票只會給人們帶來短期的快樂,這種快樂在過了六個月到一年后就會消失,并根據第二段首句“Dr White said his team wanted to see whether living in greener urban areas had a lasting positive effect on people's sense of well-being or whether the effect also disappeared after a period of time.”可推導出Dr. White想要知道居住在綠色環境中給人帶來的積極的影響可以持續多久。

      [D] Their communication with others improved.
      根據原文中第三段最后一句話"There is evidence that people within an area with green spaces are less stressed and when you are less stressed you make more sensible decisions and you communicate better" ,最后的communicate better可推導出答案D。

      [A] Find financial support
      文章中最后一段講的是我們需要資金來建立一個高質量的綠色社區。答案也可根據最后一句話推導得出“what we really need at a policy level is to decide where the money is going to come from to help support good quality local green spaces. ”

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