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      四六級寫作的四大題型

      四六級寫作是四六級考試的第一項,時間限制在30分鐘。四級要求作文字數不低于120個詞,六級要求作文字數不低于150詞。四六級寫作的出題形式主要有提綱式,情景式,圖畫式及圖表式,下面為各位考生一一解讀。

        一、提綱式作文
        例:2012年6月真題
        Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay On Excessive Packaging following the outline given below. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
        1)目前許多商品存在過度包裝的現象
        2)出現這一現象的原因
        3)我對這一現象的看法和建議
        提綱式作文是最常見的題型,一般在題干中列出2點到3點寫作提示,行文時可按照提示,將題點一一對應到各個段落。一般第一段描述現狀,第二段分析問題出現的原因,最后一段提出結論和建議。

        二、情景式作文
        情景式作文在題目中會限定一種身份、場景和情形,常常利用書信等應用文形式來考察考生。
        例:2016年12月真題
        Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay .Suppose you are two options upon graduation: one is to take a job in a company and the other to go to a graduate school. You are to make a choice between the two. Write an essay to explain the reasons for your choice. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
        情景式作文,比提綱式稍難,需要自己提煉信息擬出行文段落。一般首段交代背景,表明主題及論點;第二段用舉例論證、因果論證或對比論證的方法來證明觀點;第三段總結結論。
        遇到書信等形式時,需要注意使用應用文的標準格式。常見的應用文有書信、致辭、告示等,要熟知這幾種文章的固定格式。

        三、圖畫式作文
        例:2015年6月真題
        Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30minutes to write an essay based on the picture below. You should start your essay with a brief description of the picture and then comment on this kind of modern life. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
       圖畫式作文,顧名思義要求考生通過漫畫來分析寫作內容。這一類題型沒有給出明確的寫作主題,往往容易跑題,新東方在線建議大家平時多看多練。
        圖畫作文行文第一段描述圖片內容,第二段聯系現實,闡述自己的觀點,第三段總結結論。


        四、圖表式作文
        例:2012年12月真題
        Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Education Pays based on the statistics provided in the chart below (Weekly earnings of 2010). Please give a brief description of the chart first and then make comments on it. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
        值得注意的是圖表中的表頭標簽等也是英文信息,無疑為圖表式作文增加了難度。圖表式作文的行文思路與圖片式類似,第一段描述圖表信息,第二段闡述
        現象原因及觀點,第三段做總結。

        五、四六級寫作經典開頭結尾句
        無論是哪一種題型的寫作結構,第一段一般都是引出問題描述問題,最后一段做總結。因此,新東方在線四六級考前沖刺班為同學們總結了寫作中經典的開頭句和結尾句,以供參考。

        經典開頭句
        1. Recently, the problem of … has aroused people’s concern.
        最近,……問題已引起人們的關注。
        2. (Internet) has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. It has brought a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.
        (互聯網)已在我們的生活中扮演著越來越重要的角色。它給我們帶來了許多好處,但也產生了一些嚴重的問題。
        3. Nowadays, (overpopulation) has become a problem we have to face.
        如今,(人口過剩)已成為我們不得不面對的問題了。
        4. It is commonly believed that… / It is a common belief that…
        人們一般認為……
        5. With the development of ( science and technology ), more and more people believe that…
        隨著(科技)的發展,越來越多的人認為……

        經典結尾句
        1. Taking all these factors into consideration, we naturally come to the conclusion that…
        把所有這些因素加以考慮,我們自然會得出結論……
        2. Taking into account all these factors, we may reasonably come to the conclusion that…
        考慮所有這些因素,我們可能會得出合理的結論……
        3. Hence/Therefore, we’d better come to the conclusion that…
        因此,我們最好得出這樣的結論……
        4. There is no doubt that (job-hopping) has its drawbacks as well as merits.
        毫無疑問,(跳槽)有優點也有缺點。
        5. All in all, we cannot live without… But at the same time we must try to find out new ways to cope with the problems that would arise.
        總之,我們沒有…是無法生活的.但同時,我們必須尋求新的解決辦法來對付可能出現的新問題。


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