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      2017年6月英語四級翻譯答案(全三套,文都)

      【翻譯原文】
      長江是亞洲最長、世界上第三長的河流。長江流經多種不同的生態系統,是諸多瀕危物種的棲息地,灌溉了中國五分之一的土地。長江流域(river basin)居住著中國三分之一的人口。長江在中國歷史、文化和經濟上起著很大的作用。長江三角洲(delta)產出近20%的中國國民生產總值。幾千年來,長江一直被用于供水、運輸和工業生產。長江上還坐落著世界最大的水電站。

      【參考譯文】
      Changjiang is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world. Changjiang flows through a wide range of ecology systems, is inhabited by multiple endangered species and irrigates one fifth of China’s land. The Changjiang river basin accommodates one third of China’s population. Changjiang plays a prodigious role in China’s history, culture and economy. Nearly 20% of China’s GDP is produced here. During the past thousand years, Changjiang has played a vital part in irrigation, transport and industrial production. Besides, there locates the greatest hydropower station in the world.

      【翻譯原文】
      黃河是亞洲第三、世界第六長的河流。“黃”這個字描述的是其河水渾濁的顏色。黃河發源于青海,流經九個省份,最后注入渤海。黃河是中國賴以生存的幾條河流之一。黃河流域(river basin)是中國古代文明的誕生地,也是中國早期歷史上最繁榮的地區。然而,由于極具破壞力的洪水頻發,黃河曾造成多次災害。在過去幾十年里,政府采取了各種措施防止災害發生。

      【參考譯文】
      The Yellow River is the third longest river in Asia and the sixth longest in the world. The word “yellow” refers to the muddy water of it. The River,originating from Qinghai,flows through nine provinces, and finally pours into the Bohai Sea. It is one of several rivers for the Chinese to live on. “The river basin” is not only the birthplace of the ancient Chinese civilization,but also the most prosperous region in the early history of China. However, because of the frequent devastating floods, it has caused disasters many times. In the past few decades, the government has taken a variety of measures to prevent the disaster.


      【試題評析】
      今年的大學英語四級翻譯真題從選材上來看繼續延續了之前的出題風格,依然是和中國特色及傳統文化有關。去年的四級翻譯真題就考過“黃色的象征”,“在中國文化中,黃顏色是一種很重要的顏色,因為它具有獨特的象征意義。”從句子翻譯的難度上看,四級對翻譯能力的考查注重的是基本能力,沒有太復雜的結構,比如大家很熟悉的not only... but also 的并列不就又出現了嘛!還有,遇到多個漢語謂賓結構時要注意分詞結構的使用,這一直是語法當中要求要掌握的重點。所以之后備考大學英語四六級的同學們一定要好好學習歷年英語四六級真題,因為會出現重復題材或者重復句型結構哦!

      【題目】
      珠江是華南一大河系,流經廣州市,是中國第三長的河流,僅次于長江和黃河。珠江三角洲(delta)是中國最發達的地區之一,面積約11,000平方公里。它在面積和人口方面也是世界上最大的城市聚集區。珠江三角洲九個最大城市共有5,700多萬人口。上世紀70年代末中國改革開放以來,珠江三角洲已成為中國和世界主要經濟區域和制造中心之一。

      【參考譯文】
      The Pearl River, an extensive river system in southern China, flows through Guangzhou City. It is China’s third-longest river which is only after the Yangtze River and the Yellow River. The Pearl River Delta (PRD) is one of the most developed regions in China with an area of about 11,000 square kilometers. It is the largest urban area in the world in both size and population. The nine largest cities of PRD have a population of over 57 million in total. Since China's reform and openness was adopted by the Chinese government in the late 1970s, the Delta has become one of the leading economic regions and a major manufacturing center of China and the world.

      【部分結構翻譯】
      河系:river system;
      珠江三角洲:The Pearl River Delta;
      城市聚集區:the largest urban area;
      中國改革開放:China's reform and openness;
      長江:the Yangtze River;
      中國最發達的地區之一:one of the most developed regions in China;

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