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      2015.12 四級英語考試完整版參考答案(長沙新東方)

      2015年12月19日全國大學英語四級考試已結束,本次考試為多題多卷,我們第一時間收集整理不同版本試題,供考生參考。以下為長沙新東方提供的完整參考答案:

      作文(一)

      題目:

      For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Learning is a daily experience and a lifelong mission.” You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of lifelong learning. You should write at least 120 words, no more than 180 words.

      參考范文:

      Currently in this constantly changing world, learning becomes a seemingly convenient but actually more complex matter. As an old saying goes,” Learning is a daily experience and a lifetime mission”. Apparently, the meaning of this saying is that if we truly desire to learn something, we are supposed to devote our life to it.

      There are several reasons accounting for this viewpoint. For one thing, learning itself is an actually complicated and painful matter, and as a result, it is advisable for us to commit much more time even our whole life to it. For another, it is exceedingly obvious that we are easy to forget what we learned, and accordingly, the significance of lifetime learning cannot be ignored. For example, memorizing vocabulary is commonly the first step of preparing for an English test. However, it is pretty difficult for us to put a huge number of new words in our mind. Therefore, we can divide these words into some groups and spend some hours each day on it in order to remember and understand these words.

      To sum up, lifelong learning lays a solid foundation to the development of ourselves, and only when we realize the significance of lifetime learning can we understand the essence of learning.


      作文(二)

      題目:

      For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Never go out there to see what happens, go out there to make something happen.” You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of being creative rather than the mere onlookers in life. You should write at least 120 words, no more than 180 words.

      參考范文:

      As a famous saying goes, “Never go out there to see what happens, go out there to make something happen.” Simple as the saying is, its meaning is profound and thought-provoking, which is meant to tell us that we are supposed to be creative instead of acting as the onlooker.

      Conspicuous are the impacts of being creative and I would like to explore the following aspects. To begin with, it is to leading a team to make constant progress what water is to fish, which can be best illustrated by an example concerning an extraordinary basketball player, Yao Ming. Moreover,

      this kind of innovation also makes it possible for a nation to promote its international status and

      improve the comprehensive competitiveness.

      From my perspective, keeping creative is so essential that adequate importance must be attached to

      it. Only when we literally realize the key role it plays can we become better selves in the foreseeable future.

      作文(三)

      題目:

      For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Listening is more important than talking.” You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of listening. You should write at least 120 words, no more than 180 words.

      參考范文:

      As the most talented creature in this planet,we human beings are in possession of two kinds of most powerful capabilities, which are listening and talking. Compared with talking, more often than not, the significance of listening is way ahead in our life.

      The most typical example of the importance of talking lies in the exchange among family members. When we are accustomed to talking without listening, in the process of which we might only focus on ourselves, feeling of others are ignored and even hurt. Without listening, the essential passport towards mutual understanding, the relation among our family members may bit by bit go alienated .

      Besides , listening can also promote the efficiency of teamwork and efficiency is of the utmost consequence in such a fast-tempo society.

      Talking is a window through which we convey ourselves , while listening is a door via which we understand each other . A life without mutual listening is just like a house without a door. Careful listening , so at least it seems to me , is a necessity but not a luxury in our daily life as well as in our work .

      聽力

      (周祖筠,易哲)

      答案:

      BACDB ADDBC ACBDC BADBD CABBA

      選項:

      選項:

      1.
      A. They admire the courage of space explorers.
      B. They enjoyed the movie on space exploration.
      C. They were going to watch a wonderful movie.
      D. They like doing scientific exploration very much.

      2.
      A. At a gift shop.
      B. At a graduation ceremony.
      C. In the office of a travel agency.
      D. In a school library.

      3.
      A. He used to work in the art gallery.
      B. He does not have a good memory.
      C. He declined a job offer form the art gallery.
      D. He is not interested in any part-time jobs.

      4.
      A. Susan has been invited to give a lecture tomorrow.
      B. He will go to the birthday party after the lecture.
      C. The woman should have informed him earlier.
      D. He will be unable to attend the birthday party.

      5.
      A. Reward those having made good progress.
      B. Set a deadline for the staff to meet.
      C. Assign more workers to the project.
      D. Encourage the staff to work in small groups.

      6.
      A. The way to the visitor’s parking.
      B. The rate for parking in Lot C.
      C. How far away the parking lot is.
      D. Where she can leave her car.

      7.
      A. He regrets missing the classes.
      B. He plans to take the fitness classes.
      C. He is looking forward to a better life.
      D. He has benefited form exercise.

      8.
      A. How to work efficiency.
      B. How to select secretaries.
      C. The responsibilities of secretaries.
      D. The secretaries in the man’s company.

      Long Conversation 1

      9.
      A. It is more difficult to learn than English.
      B. It is used by more people than English.
      C. It will be as commonly used as English.
      D. It will eventually become a world language.

      10.
      A. It has words from many languages.
      B. Its popularity with the common people.
      C. The influence of the British Empire.
      D. The effect of the Industrial Revolution.

      11.
      A. It includes a lot of words form other languages.
      B. It has a growing number of newly coined words.
      C. It can be easily picked up by overseas travellers.
      D. It is the largest among all languages in the world.

      Long Conversation 2

      12.
      A. To return some goods.
      B. To apply for a job.
      C. To place an order.
      D. To make a complaint.

      13.
      A. He has become somewhat impatient with the woman.
      B. He is not familiar with the exact details of goods.
      C. He has not worked in the sales department for long.
      D. He works on a part-time basis for the company.

      14.
      A. It is not his responsibility.
      B. It will be free for large orders.
      C. It costs 15 more for express delivery.
      D. It depends on a number of factors.

      15.
      A. Report the information to her superior.
      B. Pay a visit to the saleswoman in charge.
      C. Ring back when she comes to a decision.
      D. Make inquiries with some other companies.

      Section B

      Passage 1

      16.
      A. No one knows exactly where they were.
      B. No one knows for sure when they came into being.
      C. No one knows for what purpose they were.
      D. No one knows what they will.

      17.
      A. Carry ropes across rivers.
      B. Measure the speed of wind.
      C. Pass on secret messages.
      D. Give warnings of danger.

      18.
      A. To protect houses against lightning.
      B. To test the effects of the lightning rod.
      C. To find out the strength of silk for kites.
      D. To prove that lightning is electricity.

      Passage 2

      19.
      A. She enjoys teaching languages.
      B. She can speak several languages.
      C. She was trained to be an interpreter.
      D. She was born with a talent for languages.

      20.
      A. They acquire an immunity to culture shock.
      B. They would like to live abroad permanently.
      C. They want to learn as many foreign languages as possible.
      D. They have an intense interest in cross-cultural interactions.

      21.
      A. She became an expert in horse racing.
      B. She got a chance to visit several European countries.
      C. She was able to translate for a German sports judge.
      D. She learned to appreciate classical music.

      22.
      A. Taste the beef and give her comment.
      B. Take part in a cooking competition.
      C. Teach vocabulary for food in.
      D. Give cooking lessons on.

       Passage 3
      23.
      A. He had only a third-grade education.
      B. He once threatened to kill his teacher.
      C. He grew up in a poor single-parent household.
      D. He often helped his.

      24.
      A. Careless.
      B. Stupid.
      C. Brave.
      D. Active.

      25.
      A. Write two book reports a week.
      B. Keep a diary.
      C. Help with housework.
      D. Watch education.

      Section C

      When you look up at the night sky, what do you see? There are other heavenly bodies out there besides the moon and stars. One of the most fascinating of this is a comet. Comets were formed around the same time the earth was formed. They are made up of ice and other frozen liquids and gasses. Now and then these dirty snowballs begin to orbit the sun just as the planets do. As a comet gets closer to the sun, some gasses in it begin to unfreeze. They combine with dust particles from the comet to form a huge cloud. As the comet gets even nearer to the sun and solar wind blows the cloud behind the comet thus forming its tail. The tail and generally fuzzy atmosphere around the comet are characteristics that can help identify this phenomenon in the night sky. In any given year, about dozen known comets come close to the sun in their orbits. The average person can’t see them all of course. Usually there is only one or two a year bright enough to be seen with the naked eye. Comet Hale-Bopp discovered in 1995 was an unusually bright comet. Its orbit bought relatively to the earth within 122 million miles of it. But Hale-Bopp came a long way on its earthly visit. It won’t be back for another 4 thousand years or so.

      聽力詳細解析:

      2015年12月四級聽力解析

      ——長沙新東方學校:周祖竣 易哲

      Part 2 Listening Comprehension

      Section A Conversations

      聽力原文:

      1. M: Do you remember the wonderful film on space exploration we watched together last month?
      W: Sure. It‘s actually the most impressive one I’ve seen on that topic.
      Q: What do we learn about the speakers?

      解析:男人問女人是否還記得上個月一起看的一部關于太空探險的影片,女人的回答是肯定的,而且還認為這是她看過的關于太空冒險題材影片中最令她印象深刻的.

      技巧點撥:短對話重復原則的出題形式,第一句話是一般疑問句,第二句話對第一個的提問做肯定的回答,那么答案和第一句話有關,這種題老師說過不能用視聽反向排除聽到的內容,因為film on space exploration在第二話中又重復到了,并用it代詞指代,所以此題的答案就是第一句話中的這部太空探險電影是關鍵,同意替換把film替換成了答案中的movie.

      題目與答案:

      1.
      A. They admire the courage of space explorers.
      B. They enjoyed the movie on space exploration.
      C. They were going to watch a wonderful movie.
      D. They like doing scientific exploration very much.

      聽力原文:

      2. W: Are you looking for anything in particular?
      M: Yes. My son is graduating from high school and I want to get him something special.
      Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place?

      解析:此題是一道地點推斷題,審題時一看選項就知道考察地點推斷.女人問男人:你是在找一些特別的東西嗎?原文的時態是現在進行時.男人說他兒子馬上就要高中畢業了,想給他找個特別的東西(當中禮物).也就是說那人正在挑禮物.

      技巧點撥:此題還是要運用重復原則,女人提出問題,男人說yes,很明顯是肯定回答,當我們聽到肯定回答時,第一句話也需要理解,再加上男人第二句話的展開說明就能推斷地點位置了!

      題目與答案

      2.
      A. At a gift shop.
      B. At a graduation ceremony.
      C. In the office of a travel agency.
      D. In a school library.

      聽力原文:

      3. M: Mike told me yesterday that he‘d been looking in vain for a job in the art gallery.
      W: Really? If I remember right, he had a chance to work there but he turned it down.
      Q: What does the woman say about Mike?

      解析:男人說Mike告訴他在美術館找工作沒找到,女人回答用的是really?很明顯是質疑和不認同男人的話,補充道:如果我沒記錯,他原本有機會去那里工作的,但是他拒絕了這分工作!

      技巧點撥:這道題出現了先否定在轉折的情況,考試在聽題時要注意,really?和but這兩個表達同時出現時其實是表示遞進,女人并不是只想否定男人的話,而是還是對他的話進行展開說明,兩句話的內容都需捕捉到的重點表達是a job in the art gallery,第二句雖然沒有這個表達,但是work there(指代的不就是art gallery這個地點嗎?)和turned it down(中的代詞it不就是指job嗎?)運用重復原則,答案詞確實是第一句話中的job offer from the art gallery!

      題目與解析:

      3.
      A. He used to work in the art gallery.
      B. He does not have a good memory.
      C. He declined a job offer form the art gallery.
      D. He is not interested in any part-time jobs.

      聽力原文:

      4. W: Would you like to come to Susan‘s birthday party tomorrow evening?
      M: I‘m going to give a lecture tomorrow. I wish I could be in two places at the same time.
      Q: What does the man mean?

      解析:女人直接提問:你明天會來參加Susan的生日趴嗎?男人給出的回答雖然不是直接否定不去,但是他說的是:我明天要去講課,我希望我能同時出現在兩個地方.言下之意就是分身乏術,只能去講課,不能去party.

      技巧點撥:此題用清晰原則即可,只要聽到第一句是直接提問,第二句沒給建議沒有轉折,沒有否定的時候,理解聽到的回答即可,而且這個題的回答聽起來也是非常清晰好理解的.

      題目與答案:

      4.
      A. Susan has been invited to give a lecture tomorrow.
      B. He will go to the birthday party after the lecture.
      C. The woman should have informed him earlier.
      D. He will be unable to attend the birthday party.

      聽力原文:

      5. W: Aren‘t you discouraged by the slow progress your staff is making?
      M: Yes. I think I‘ll give them a deadline and hold them to it.
      Q: What is the man probably going to do?

      解析:女人問男人是否對員工們做的項目這么慢感到氣餒,男人的回答是yes,給出了肯定的回答并且還補充道:我想我應該給他們一個時限并且使他們堅持下去.

      技巧點撥:本題聽到yes這個關鍵詞的時候應該知道男人對女人問題的態度,明顯肯定,就是說男人確實對這個項目非常的失望沮喪,但是這道題的選項中并沒有這個答案,所以下一句男人給出的解決方案成了考點,解決方案就是會設置一個期限,還是要堅持做完這個項目.

      題目與答案:

      5.
      A. Reward those having made good progress.
      B. Set a deadline for the staff to meet.
      C. Assign more workers to the project.
      D. Encourage the staff to work in small groups.

      聽力原文:

      6. W: Excuse me, could you tell me where the visitor‘s parking is? I left my car there.
      M: Sure. It‘s in Lot C, over that way.
      Q: What does the woman want to know?

      解析:女人問:能告訴我訪客停車場在哪里嗎?我要去停車.男人說:當然,訪客停車場在C區,就在那里.

      技巧點撥:同樣還是重復原則,第一句話很重要就是答案出處.老師上課的時候強調過并不是所有的答案都在第二句中,大部分情況下可能第一句就有答案,要學會聽關鍵詞.女人用一般疑問句問:你能告訴我停車場在哪里嗎?男人說sure,就是能告訴她停車場怎么走.

      題目與答案:

      6.
      A. The way to the visitor’s parking.
      B. The rate for parking in Lot C.
      C. How far away the parking lot is.
      D. Where she can leave her car.

      聽力原文:

      7. W: You look great now that you‘ve taken those fitness classes.
      M: Thanks. I‘ve never thought better in my life.
      Q: What does the man mean?

      解析:女人說男人上課這些健身課之后看起來棒極了,男人也說自己再好不過了.

      技巧點撥:

      此題如果在考場上沒有聽懂,實際上可以按照視聽反向原則把聽到的都排除就能出答案,A聽到了classes ,B聽到了fitness classes,C聽到了better life.但是有些考生還是不明白什么時候才可以這么用.實際上考生只要知道fitness classes和exercise是同意替換,就可以用視聽反向,視聽反向的前提就是四個選項中一定要出現同意替換才能用——而聽到的是fitness classes不能?荒苧∷耐婊?fitness classes健身課程就等于exercise鍛煉.

      題目與答案:

      7.
      A. He regrets missing the classes.
      B. He plans to take the fitness classes.
      C. He is looking forward to a better life.
      D. He has benefited form exercise.

      聽力原文:

      8. W: I really admire the efficiency of your secretaries.
      M: Our company selects only the best. They have a heavy workload and we give them a lot of responsibilities.
      Q: What are the speakers talking about?

      解析:這道題的關鍵是secretaries,反復的在原文中重復到,所以先干掉A沒有secretaries的選項.原文中兩人的話都講到了男人公司secretaries的很多方面,如選最好的,他們很有效率,他們工作量大,他們工作職責多等等.其實就是講男人公司的秘書.而B\C兩個選項都只說到了一個方面.

      技巧點撥:重復原則的反復使用,這道題的第一句是陳述句(它和一般疑問句的差別只有動詞位置不同)男人沒有否定也沒有轉折的情況下默認為肯定回答.

      題目與答案:

      8.
      A. How to work efficiency.
      B. How to select secretaries.
      C. The responsibilities of secretaries.
      D. The secretaries in the man’s company.

       長對話聽力原文:

      Conversation One

      W: Hi, Leo. Why do you say English will become the world language?

      M: Well, for one thing, it‘s so commonly used. The only language that is used by more people is Chinese.——第9題答案B. It is used by more people than English.(技巧:開頭結尾仔細聽,問題是考題回答是答案,視聽一致)

      W: Why is English spoken by so many people?

      M: It‘s spoken in many countries of the world because of the British Empire.——第10答案C. The influence of the British Empire.(因果轉折常出題的因果關系)

      And now, of course, there‘s influence of America as well.

      W: Many students find English a difficult language to learn.

      M: Oh, all languages are difficult to learn. But English does have two great advantages.

      W: What are they?

      M: Well, first of all, it has a very international vocabulary. It has many German, Dutch, French, Spanish and Italian words in it. So speakers of those languages will find many familiar words in English. In fact, English has words from many other languages as well.——第11題答案A. It includes a lot of words form other languages.(因果關系加in fact總結表達)

      W: Why is that?

      M: Well, partly because English speakers have travelled a lot. They bring back words with them, so English really does have an international vocabulary.

      W: And what‘s the other advantage of English?

      M: It‘s that English grammar is really quite easy. For example, it doesn’t have dozens of different endings for its nouns, adjectives and verbs, not like Latin, Russian, and German for example.

      W: Why is that?

      M: Well, it‘s quite interesting actually. It’s because of the French. When the French ruled England, French was the official language and only the common people spoke English. They try to make the language as simple as possible, so they made the grammar easier.

      Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

      Q9 What does the man say about Chinese?
      Q10 What made English a widely used language?
      Q11 What is said to be special about English vocabulary?

       Long Conversation 1

      9.
      A. It is more difficult to learn than English.
      B. It is used by more people than English.
      C. It will be as commonly used as English.
      D. It will eventually become a world language.

      10.
      A. It has words from many languages.
      B. Its popularity with the common people.
      C. The influence of the British Empire.
      D. The effect of the Industrial Revolution.

      11.
      A. It includes a lot of words form other languages.
      B. It has a growing number of newly coined words.
      C. It can be easily picked up by overseas travellers.
      D. It is the largest among all languages in the world.

      長對話聽力原文:

      Conversation Two

      M: Hello, Yes?

      W: Hello, Is that the sales department?

      M: Yes, it is.

      W: Oh, well. My name is Jane Kingsbury of GPF limited. We need some supplies for our design office.——第12題答案C. To place an order.(開頭出答案,簡單同意替換)

      M: Oh, what sort?

      W: Well, first of all, we need one complete new drawing board.

      M: DO44 or DO45?

      W: Ah, I don’t know. What’s the difference?

      M: Well, the 45 cost 15 pounds more.

      W: So what’s the total price then?

      M: It’s 387 pounds.

      W: Dose that include valued-added tax?

      M: Oh, I’m not sure. Most of the prices do. Yes, I think it does.

      W: What are the boards actually made of?

      M: Oh, I don’t know. ——第13題答案B. He is not familiar with the exact details of goods.(推斷題,根據聽到的細節推理,女人問男人關于產品的細節,男人幾個三番說自己不知道,說不清) I think it‘s a sort of plastic stuff these days. It’s white anyway.

      W: And how long does it take to deliver?

      M: Oh, I couldn’t really say. It depends on how much work we’ve got and how many other orders there are to send out, you know.——第14題答案D. It depends on a number of factors.(女人關于快遞提出了新的問題,男人的解釋是不好說,很多因素都會決定收貨日期的長短,答案是原文簡單改寫)

      W: Ok, now we also want some drawing pens, ink and rulers, and some drawing paper.

      M: Oh dear. The girl who takes all those supplies isn’t here this morning. So I can’t take those orders for you. I only do the equipment you see.

      W: Ok, well, perhaps I’ll ring back tomorrow.——第15題答案C. Ring back when she comes to a decision.(結尾后兩輪出最尾題答案,非常清晰的聽到了ring back)

      M: So do you want the drawing board then?

      W: Oh, I have to think about it. Thanks very much. I’ll let you know. Good-bye.

      M: Thank you, Good-bye.

      Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you just heard.

      Q12 What is the woman’s purpose in making the phone call?

      Q13 What do we learn about the man from the conversation?

      Q14 What does the man say about delivery?

      Q15 What does the woman say she will possibly do tomorrow?

       Long Conversation 2
      12.
      A. To return some goods.
      B. To apply for a job.
      C. To place an order.
      D. To make a complaint.

      13.
      A. He has become somewhat impatient with the woman.
      B. He is not familiar with the exact details of goods.
      C. He has not worked in the sales department for long.
      D. He works on a part-time basis for the company.

      14.
      A. It is not his responsibility.
      B. It will be free for large orders.
      C. It costs 15 more for express delivery.
      D. It depends on a number of factors.

      15.
      A. Report the information to her superior.
      B. Pay a visit to the saleswoman in charge.
      C. Ring back when she comes to a decision.
      D. Make inquiries with some other companies.

      長對話點評:在聽長對話時,一定要挺清楚問題和回答.問題會成為最后的考題,而回答直接對應答案.此次的長對話除了2道題做了簡單的同意替換外,其他題目還是按照視聽一至出題,所以短對話通過捕捉加一定的理解做對題還是不難的.

       短文理解

      短文理解和長對話的解題技巧一致,即順序出題和所聽即所選.今年短文理解較往年難度不大,10道題中,有7道題可以通過所聽即所選直接得出答案,有3道題需要通過同義替換得出答案.

      Passage One

      16.
      A. No one knows exactly where they were.
      B. No one knows for sure when they came into being.
      C. No one knows for what purpose they were.
      D. No one knows what they will.

      17.
      A. Carry ropes across rivers.
      B. Measure the speed of wind.
      C. Pass on secret messages.
      D. Give warnings of danger.

      18.
      A. To protect houses against lightning.
      B. To test the effects of the lightning rod.
      C. To find out the strength of silk for kites.
      D. To prove that lightning is electricity.

      No one knows for sure just how old kites are. In fact, they have been in use for centuries. 25 centuries ago, kites were well-known in China. These first kites were probably made of wood. They may even have been covered with silk, because silk were used a lot at that time. Early kites were built for certain uses. In ancient China, they were used to carry ropes across rivers. Once across, the ropes were tear down and wooden bridges would hang for them. Legend tells of one General who flew musical kites over the enemies’ camp. The enemy fled, believing the sounds to be the warming voices of angels. By the 15th century, many people flew kites in Europe. Marco Polo may have brought the kite back from his visit to China. The kite has been linked to great names and events. For instance, Benjamin Franklin used a kite to prove the lightening electricity. He flew the kite in the storm. He did this in order to draw lightening from the clouds. He tied a metal key and a strip of silk to the kite line. The silk ribbon would stop the lightening from passing through his body. Benjamin’s idea was first laughed at. But later on, it enlightened the invention of the lightening rod. With such grand history, kite flying is short remained as an entertaining and popular sport.

      Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

      Q16 What does the speaker say about kite?
      Q17 What did ancient Chinese use kites to do?
      Q18 Why did Benjamin Franklin flied a kite in the storm?

      第16題:短文開篇第一句提到,No one knows for sure just how old kites are.根據所聽即所?鳶肝狟. No one knows for sure when they came into being. 這一題中,用just how old kites are替換when they came into being.

      第17題:短文中間提到,In ancient China, they were used to carry ropes across rivers.根據所聽即所?鳶肝狝. Carry ropes across rivers.

      第18題:短文結尾提到,For instance, Benjamin Franklin used a kite to prove the lightening electricity. 根據所聽即所?鳶肝狣. To prove that lightning is electricity.

       Passage Two

      19.
      A. She enjoys teaching languages.
      B. She can speak several languages.
      C. She was trained to be an interpreter.
      D. She was born with a talent for languages.

      20.
      A. They acquire immunity to culture shock.
      B. They would like to live abroad permanently.
      C. They want to learn as many foreign languages as possible.
      D. They have an intense interest in cross-cultural interactions.

      21.
      A. She became an expert in horse racing.
      B. She got a chance to visit several European countries.
      C. She was able to translate for a German sports judge.
      D. She learned to appreciate classical music.

      22.
      A. Taste the beef and give her comment.
      B. Take part in a cooking competition.
      C. Teach vocabulary for food in.
      D. Give cooking lessons on.

      I have learnt many languages, but I’m not mastered them the way the professional interpreter or translator has. Still, they have open doors for me. They have allowed me the opportunity to seek jobs in international contexts and help me get those jobs. Like many people who have lived overseas for a while, I simply got crazy about it. I can’t image living my professional or social life without international interactions. Since 1977, I have spent much more time abroad than in the United States. I like going to new places, eating new foods and experiencing new cultures. If you can speak the language, it’s easier to get to know the country and its people. If I had the time and money, I would live for a year in as many countries as possible. Beyond my career, my facility with languages has given me a few rare opportunities. Once just after I returned from my year in Vienna, I was asked to translate for a German judge at an Olympic level horse event and learned a lot about the sport. In Japan, once when I was in the studio audience of a TV cooking show, I was asked to go up on this stage and taste the beef dish that was being prepared, and tell what I thought. They asked “Was it as good as American beef?” It was very exciting for me to be on Japanese TV, speaking in Japanese about how delicious the beef was.

      Questions 19 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.

      Q19 What does the speaker say about herself?
      Q20 What does the speaker say about many people who have lived overseas for a while?
      Q21 How did the speaker experience of living in Vienna benefit her?
      Q22 What was the speaker asked to do in the Japanese studio?

      第19題:短文開篇第一句提到,I have learnt many languages,根據同義替換,答案為B. She can speak several languages.

      第20題:短文中間提到,Like many people who have lived overseas for a while, I simply got crazy about it. I can’t image living my professional or social life without international interactions.根據同義替換,答案為D. They have an intense interest in cross-cultural interactions.

      第21題:短文中間提到,Once just after I returned from my year in Vienna, I was asked to translate for a German judge at an Olympic level horse event and learned a lot about the sport.根據所聽即所?鳶肝狢. She was able to translate for a German sports judge.

      第22題:短文結尾提到,I was asked to go up on this stage and taste the beef dish that was being prepared, and tell what I thought.根據所聽即所?鳶肝狝. Taste the beef and give her comment.這一題中,用tell what I thought替換give her comment.

       Passage Three

      23.
      A. He had only a third-grade education.
      B. He once threatened to kill his teacher.
      C. He grew up in a poor single-parent household.
      D. He often helped his.

      24.
      A. Careless.
      B. Stupid.
      C. Brave.
      D. Active.

      25.
      A. Write two book reports a week.
      B. Keep a diary.
      C. Help with housework.
      D. Watch education.

      Dr. Ben Carsen grew up in a poor single-parent household in Detroit. His mother, who had only a 3rd grade education, works two jobs cleaning bathrooms. To his classmates and even to his teachers, he was thought of as the dumbest kid in the class, according to his own not so fond memories. He had a terrible temper, and once threatened to kill another child. Dr. Carsen was headed down a part of self-distraction until a critical moment in his youth. His mother convinced that she had to do something dramatic to preventing from leading a life of failure laid down some rules. He could not watch television except for two programs a week, could not play with his friends after school until he finished his homework, and had to read two books a week, and write book reports about them. His mother’s strategy worked. “Of course, I didn’t know she couldn’t read. So there I was submitting these reports.” he said. She would put check marks on them like she had been reading them. As I began to read about scientists, economists and philosophers, I started imaging myself in their shoes. As he got into the hobbit of hard work, his grades began to soar. Ultimately he received a scholarship to attending Yale University, and later he was admitted to the University of Michigan Medical School. He is now a leading surgeon at Johns Hopkins Medical School and he is also the author of the three books.

      Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

      Q23 What do we learn about Ben Carsen?
      Q24 What did Ben Caren’s classmates and teachers think of him when he was first at school?
      Q25 What did Ben Carsen’s mother tell him to do when he was a schoolboy?

      第23題:短文開篇第一句提到,Dr. Ben Carsen grew up in a poor single-parent household in Detroit.根據所聽即所?鳶肝狢. He grew up in a poor single-parent household.

      第24題:短文中間提到,To his classmates and even to his teachers, he was thought of as the dumbest kid in the class, according to his own not so fond memories.根據同義替換,答案為B. Stupid.

      第25題:短文結尾提到,and had to read two books a week, and write book reports about them.根據所聽即所?鳶肝狝. Write two book reports a week.

      短文聽寫

      今年短文聽寫中,單詞聽寫難度較大,涉及長詞的聽寫,如phenomenon,而短語聽寫較為簡單,如Now and then.值得注意的是,單詞heavenly,fascinating,generally,characteristics,naked,relatively考察詞尾的聽寫,而短語Now and then位于句首,需要大寫Now的首字母.

      When you look up at the night sky, what do you see? There are other 26. heavenly bodies out there besides the moon and stars. One of the most 27. fascinating of this is a comet. Comets were formed around the same time the earth was formed. They are 28. made up of ice and other frozen liquids and gasses. 29. Now and then these dirty snowballs begin to orbit the sun just as the planets do. As a comet gets closer to the sun, some gasses in it begin to unfreeze. They 30. combine with dust particles from the comet to form a huge cloud. As the comet gets even nearer to the sun and solar wind blows the cloud behind the comet thus forming its tail. The tail and 31. generally fuzzy atmosphere around the comet are 32. characteristics that can help identify this 33. phenomenon in the night sky. In any given year, about dozen known comets come close to the sun in their orbits. The average person can’t see them all of course. Usually there is only one or two a year bright enough to be seen with the 34. naked eye. Comet Hale-Bopp discovered in 1995 was an unusually bright comet. Its orbit bought 35. relatively to the earth within 122 million miles of it. But Hale-Bopp came a long way on its earthly visit. It won’t be back for another 4 thousand years or so.

       翻譯

      (冀希,張巧臨)

      第一篇

      題目:

      中國的父母往往過于關注孩子的學習,以至于不要他們幫忙做家務.他們對孩子的首要要求就是努力學習,考得好,能上名牌大學.他們相信這是為孩子好,因為在中國這樣競爭激烈的社會里,只有好成績才能保證前途光明.中國父母還認為,如果孩子在社會上取得大的成就,父母就會受到尊重.因此,他們愿意犧牲自己的時間,愛好和興趣,為孩子提供更好的條件.

      參考譯文:

      Chinese

      parents tend to place so much emphasis on their children’s learning

      that they won’t let their kids do any housework. The primary demands that they want to make of their children are to study hard, to achieve high grades in order to enter top universities. They believe it is good for their children because in such a highly competitive society, only the best achievement can ensure a bright prospect. Also, Chinese parents claim that they will be respected if their children get significant status in the society. Therefore, they are willing to sacrifice time, habits and interest of their own to provide their children with better living conditions.

      解析:這篇翻譯較以前的翻譯題目難度有所下降,話題和生活緊密相關,不像之前考過的核能,假日經濟等較為學術的話題,從而單詞也明顯簡單,句式結構也不復雜,比較容易作答.

      第一句:

      常用短語“如此...以至于” (so...

      that...)的考察.關注可以寫簡單詞組pay

      attention to, 其他都較簡單.

      第二句:

      需要用到定語從句,名牌大學的表達可靈活一些,famous

      universities 也可以.

      第三句:

      復合句,注意句與句之間的聯系.

      第四句:

      與上句并列關系,注意同義詞“相信”和“認為”要做替換,不要重復詞匯.

      第五句:簡單句.

      第二篇

      題目:

      云南省的麗江古鎮是著名的旅游目的地之一.那里的生活節奏比大多數中國城市都要緩慢.麗江到處都是美麗的自然風光,眾多的少數民族同胞提供了各式各樣、豐富多彩的文化讓游客體驗.歷史上,麗江還以“愛之城”而聞名.當地人中流傳著許多關于因愛而生,為愛而死的故事.如今,在中外游客眼中,這個古鎮被視為愛情和浪漫的天堂.

      參考譯文:

      The ancient town of Lijiang in Yunnan province is one of the famous tourist destinations. Its living rhythm is slower than that of most other Chinese cities. Lijiang is full of natural beautiful sceneries, where numerous minority nationalities provide rich and varied cultures in order to give tourists a different experience. Historically, Lijiang was also known as “ the city of love”. Plenty of stories about living for love and dying for love have been spread among the natives. Nowadays, the old town equals the paradise of love and romance in the eyes of Chinese and foreign tourists.

      第三篇

      題目:

      今年在長沙舉行了一年一度的外國人漢語演講比賽.這項比賽證明是促進中國世界其他地區文化交流的好方法.它為世界各地的年輕人提供了更好地了解中國的機會.來自87個國家共計126位選手聚集在湖南省省會參加了從7月6號到8月5號進行的半決賽和決賽.比賽并不是唯一的活動,選手們還有機會參觀了中國其他地區的著名景點和歷史名勝.

      參考譯文:

      The annual Chinese speech contest for foreigners was held in Changsha this year. The contest proves to be a good way to promote cultural exchanges between China and other parts of the world. It offers the young all over the world an opportunity to know more about China.126 candidates from 87 nations gathered in the capital of Hunan province to attend the semifinal and the final from July 6 to August 5. Besides the contest, the candidates also got a chance to visit famous tourist attractions and historical interests in other parts of China.

       閱讀理解

      選詞填空

      第一篇(梁茂林)

      參考答案

      36. N. saw 第一空顯然缺少謂語,優先考慮動詞,結合語義并根據Late November and December可以推出應選擇過去式動詞,故答案鎖定saw.

      37. F. decades 根據two,首選復數名詞,結合語義,“ for the first time in the two decades”, 二十年來頭一次.

      38. H. globally 句子為主系表結構,不缺主要成分,所以首選副詞和形容詞,根據語義,ever表示“一直以來地、向來地”,“十一月向來是全球范圍內最溫暖的一個月.”

      39. D. chances 缺少主語,并且謂語是are,所以首選復數形式的名詞,結合前文Enjoy the snow now, “享受現在的雪吧”,因為“時機是好的”.

      40. J. occurs 空格前方有主語,且是單數形式,而后面由when引導的時間狀語從句的時態是一般現在時,所以主句謂語鎖定第三人稱單數形式的動詞,只能選擇occurs.

      41. A. specific空格左為定冠詞the,空格右為名詞,中間只能選形容詞,選擇“特定的”符合語義.

      42. B. associated 空格左為be動詞,右邊為介詞with,中間只能是形容詞或動詞的過去分詞形式,be associated with表示“與…有聯系”,符合原意.

      43. G. experiences 空格左為主語southern Africa,空格內應該為動詞的第三人稱單詞形式,結合語義,選G,“南非經歷著干燥的天氣.

      44. M. reduce 空格左為情態動詞,空格內必須為動詞原形,填reduce“減少”符合原題.

      45. K. populations 空格與左邊的large fish 共同構成動詞support的賓語,只能選一個名詞來作為名詞詞組,故選K,“大量的魚群”.

      選詞填空原文(一)

      來源:El Ni?o Is On Its Way – Time

      Read more: http://content.time.com/time/magazine/ar...z2prXcgzS6

      For many Americans, 2013 ended with an unusually bitter cold snap. Late November and December saw early snow and bone-chilling temperatures in much of the country, part of a year when—for the first time in two decades—record-cold days will likely turn out to have outnumbered record-warm ones. But the U.S. was the exception: November was the warmest ever globally, and the provisional data indicates that 2013 is likely to have been the fourth-hottest year on record.

      Enjoy the snow now, because chances are good that 2014 will be even hotter—perhaps the hottest year since records have been kept. That’s because, scientists are predicting, 2014 will be an El Ni?o year.

      El Ni?o, Spanish for “the child”, occurs when surface ocean waters in the southern Pacific become abnormally warm. So large is the Pacific, covering 30% of the planet’s surface, that the specific energy generated by its warming is enough to touch off a series of weather changes around the world. El Ni?o are associated with abnormally dry conditions in the Southeast Asia and Australia. They can lead to extreme rain in parts of North and South America, even as southern Africa experiences dry weather. Marine life may be affected too: El Ni?o the rising of the cold, nutrient-rich water that supports large fish populations, and the unusually warm ocean temperatures can destroy coral.

      選詞填空

       第二篇

      (解析者:任偉偉)

      參考答案

      36. [G] favorite. 本空前是表示從屬關系的baby‘s, 空后是名詞toy,本空需要形容詞,結合上下文,“如果你用一塊布遮住孩子們的玩具”, 鎖定G選項.

      37. [M] protest. 本空所在句子有A four-year-old 充當主語,空前是情態動詞may,空后是that引導一個完整句子,所以本空需要填動詞原形充當謂語,結合上下文,“一個四歲的孩子可能會XX他的姐姐有更多果汁,當只有杯子的形狀不同,而不是果汁的XX”, 鎖定M選項,抗議.

      38. [B] amount. 本句提到“一個四歲的孩子可能會XX他的姐姐有更多果汁,當只有杯子的形狀不同,而不是果汁的XX”,鎖定B選項,數量.

      39. [O] theories. 本空所在句子大意為,“像小科學家們一樣,孩子們總是測試他們關于事物的孩子式XX”,結合下文關于丟勺子的內容可以鎖定O選項,理論.

      40. [I] immediately. 空前是情態動詞will,空后是動詞原形test,本空需要副詞,鎖定I選項,立刻.

      41. [D] crazy. 本空需要理解固定搭配drive sb. crazy, 意為“使人抓狂”,鎖定D選項,瘋狂.

      42. [F] differences. 本空所在句子意思是,“他知道他的想法和你的可能不同,而且有時候那些XX很重要有時候他們又不重要”,空前是復數代詞those指代前文的復數名詞,所以只能填復數名詞,鎖定F選項,區別.

      43. [J] naturally. 本空句子說“某科學家指出,孩子們的認知能力...”, 空前是動詞unfold,意為顯露,而選項中沒有合適的名詞充當賓語,所以這個從句應該是主謂結構,因為本空需要副詞,鎖定J選項,天生地.

      44. [L] primarily. 前文提到“某科學家指出,孩子們的認知能力天生具備,就像花的盛開,幾乎獨立于生活里其他XX”,除開本空以外,剩余部分是完整句子what else is in their lives,因此本空需要副詞,鎖定L,主要地.

      45. [N] rejected. 本句意思“盡管他的許多結論在多年來已經被XX或者修改,他的想法仍然激勵了世界上的許多調查者的研究”,本空需要過去分詞,排除強干擾選項confirmed,意為確認,與句子意思不符,鎖定N選項,駁回.

      選詞填空第三篇:

      參考答案:

      解析:霍族龍

      36. J fundamentally 空后為形容詞,空前為系動詞is所以考慮副詞,再結合語義選擇fundamentally,譯為完全不同、根本不同

      37. G expands 從句部分缺少謂語,并且主語為信息社會,所以空中考(微博)慮填入動詞單三形式,再結合語義,確定答案為expands

      38. O superficial 空后為名詞,空前有冠詞a,所以空中一定為形容詞形式,再結合But轉折.最后鎖定為O粗淺的、粗略的的分析,只是純粹地基于數字.

      39. K interpretation 空前是一個形容詞且空后是謂語動詞is,所以空中考慮填入名詞作主語.鎖定K選項,一個不同的解釋.

      40. B acquired 空后有介詞by,考慮過去分詞,再結合意思,被使用者所獲得的,答案確定為acquired

      41. I flows 缺謂語成分,且主語為information,所以考慮動詞三單.

      42. F elements 空前是形容詞,所以空中考慮名詞.再結合前的數量three,所以選擇名詞復數形式,則答案確定為F elements

      43. M regard with regard to固定搭配:關于

      44. H familiar 空后有介詞with,再結合語義鎖定答案H:familiar with 熟悉

      45. A accustomed 結合空后介詞to,考慮詞組:accustomed to習慣

      信息匹配

      第一套

      解析者:王饒

      The Perfect Essay

      46. I 該選項明確提到“She had no patience for brilliant but irrelevant figures of speech”.

      47. C 該選項談論的就是作者母親對他過于得意的形象的批評,并且指出了他“看似完美”的文章中的很多缺陷 .

      48. K 在該選項中指出,想要寫出“沒有缺陷”的文章很難,但是我們不能放棄“不斷完善”的過程,不斷地接近完美理想.

      49. E 從該選項最后一句看出“I was not able to produce anything for three years”.

      50. B 該選項說作者美夢成真(拿到了一個“完美”的評價),不過他說他只是slightly taken aback,也就是沒什么吃驚的.

      51. F 該選項明確提到“raise objections against another man’s speech, it is a very easy matter; but to produce a better in its place is a work extremely troublesome”.

      52. A 該選項描述的就是作者敬佩其母親,而其母親正是其英文老師.

      53. H 該選項中提到其母親的批評“the type that changed me as a person”.

      54. J 該選項提到“She trimmed back my flowery language”,最后“slowly my writing improved”.

      55. G 該選項最后一句提到“Genuine criticism creates a precious opening for an author to become better on his own terms”.

       第二篇

      解析者:梁茂林

      How to eat well

      46. Cooking benefits people in many ways and enables them to connect with one another.

      答案:D

      47. Abundant information about cooking is available either online or on TV.

      答案:B

      48. Young people do less cooking at home than the elderly these days.

      答案:F

      49. Cooking skills can be improved with practice.

      答案:O

      50. In the mid-20th century, most families ate dinner at home instead of eating out.

      答案:G.

      51. Even those short of time or money should be encouraged to cook for themselves and their family

      答案:E.

      52. Eating food not cooked by ourselves can cause serious consequences.

      答案:J.

      53. To eat well and still save money, people should buy fresh food and cook it themselves.

      答案:M.

      54. We get a fairly large portion of calories from fast food and snacks.

      答案:C.

      55. The popularity of TV led to the popularity of frozen food.

      答案:H.

       第三篇

      解析者:王饒

      Joy: A Subject Schools Lack

      46. G 該選項第一句和第二句明確指出,“培養小孩子感受快樂的能力不難,只需要改變教育的思維模式就可以噠”.

      47. D 從該選項的“The thing that sets children apart from adults is not… It’s their enormous capacity for joy”一句便可看出.

      48. A 該選項先舉例說“曾經愛爾蘭對兒童很殘忍”,最后指出“美國其實也差不多啦”.

      49. F 從該選項中一句“Human lives are governed by the desire to experience joy”便可以看出.

      50. K 從該選項的第一句“Adults tend to talk about learning as if it were medicine”便可看出噠.

      51. H 從該選項最后一句便可看出.

      52. C 該選項的一句“when people think about education, they are not thinking about what it feels like to be a child…”證明其適合.

      53. I 該選項指出,“學校的管理人員給教師施壓,讓他們給學生制定嚴格的規則和布置大量的作業”,所以可知他們覺得hard work是至關重要的.

      54. B 該空很好找呀,所有選項只有一個B選項提到了effective schools,而且分析該選項,發現其整體也非常符合.

      55. J 從該選項的第二句“Decades of research have…, kids need to want to learn”便可選出.

      仔細閱讀

      第一套

      本篇原文是美國著名程序員、風險投資家Paul Graham(保羅·格雷厄姆)于06年在自己的博客所寫的一篇由硅谷發展引起的對如何投資和發展信息技術公司的思考的文章的節選.

      原文地址http://www.paulgraham.com/siliconvalley.html

      Could you reproduce Silicon Valley elsewhere, or is there something unique about it?

      It wouldn’t be surprising if it were hard to reproduce in other countries, because you couldn’t reproduce it in most of the US either. What does it take to make a silicon valley?

      It is the right people. If you could get the right ten thousand people to move from Silicon Valley to Buffalo, Buffalo would become Silicon Valley.

      You only need two kinds of people to create a technology hub: rich people and nerds.

      Observation bears this out: within the US, towns have become startup hubs if and only if they have both rich people and nerds. Few startups happen in Miami, for example, because although it’s full of rich people, it has few nerds. It’s not the kind of place nerds like.

      Whereas Pittsburgh has the opposite problem: plenty of nerds, but no rich people. The top US Computer Science departments are said to be MIT, Stanford, Berkeley, and Carnegie-Mellon. MIT yielded Route 128. Stanford and Berkeley yielded Silicon Valley. But Carnegie-Mellon? The record skips at that point. Lower down the list, the University of Washington yielded a high-tech community in Seattle, and the University of Texas at Austin yielded one in Austin. But what happened in Pittsburgh? And in Ithaca, home of Cornell, which is also high on the list?

      I grew up in Pittsburgh and went to college at Cornell, so I can answer for both. The weather is terrible, particularly in winter, and there’s no interesting old city to make up for it, as there is in Boston. Rich people don’t want to live in Pittsburgh or Ithaca. So while there are plenty of hackers who could start startups, there’s no one to invest in them.

      Do you really need the rich people? Wouldn’t it work to have the government invest in the nerds? No, it would not. Startup investors are a distinct type of rich people. They tend to have a lot of experience themselves in the technology business. This helps them pick the right startups, and means they can supply advice and connections as well as money. And the fact that they have a personal stake in the outcome makes them really pay attention.

      56.原文第一段第一句反問句“Could you reproduce Silicon Valley elsewhere, or is there something unique about it?”可得知答案選A——Its success is hard to copy anywhere else. 選項copy同義改寫原文的reproduce.

      57.由題干大寫字母Miami定位到原文第五段“Few startups happen in Miami, for example, because although it’s full of rich people, it has few nerds. It’s not the kind of place nerds like.”由因果關系詞because找到原因——這里既是有很多富裕的人,卻幾乎沒有nerds(癡迷科研的人).所以答案選B——Lack of the right kind of talents.

      58,由題干大寫字母Carnegie-Mellon, MIT, Stanford, Berkeley等定位到第六段,問CM和其他的是哪里有不同.“The top US Computer Science departments are said to be MIT, Stanford, Berkeley, and Carnegie-Mellon. MIT yielded Route 128. Stanford and Berkeley yielded Silicon Valley. But Carnegie-Mellon? The record skips at that point.”原文講到了MIT, Stanford, Berkeley都yielded產生了很有名的science department,而Carnegie-Mellon呢?這個記錄可以直接跳過忽略.言下之意就是CM沒有出名的science department,所以答案選D——It does not pay much attention to business startups.

      59題,由題干大寫字母Boston定位到倒數第二段.定位句“The weather is terrible, particularly in winter, and there’s no interesting old city to make up for it, as there is in Boston”說到了Boston是一個無聊的老城市,而定位句的下一句“So while there are plenty of hackers who could start startups, there’s no one to invest in them”說到了這樣的城市無法吸引投資.所以答案選C——It is not likely to attract lots of investors and nerds.

      60題,由startup investors定位到最后一段.Startup investors不僅富有,他們一般都經驗豐富,而且能給提供一些建議,所以答案選C——They can do more than providing money.

      61. C——It may prevent your business and career from advancing.

      62. B——Encourage people to disagree and argue.

      63. C——To remove misunderstanding.

      64. D——They take care not to hurt each other’s feelings.

      65. D——Acknowledge their contribution.

      第二套

      56.A——it is disappearing

      57.B——Electronically

      58.D——Spending money is so fast and easy

      59.A——It represents a change in the modern world

      60.D——He feels insecure in ever-changing modern world

      這篇文章是發表在the Atlantic上的一篇新聞報道的節選段拼湊而成的,最后一段是出題人自己纂寫的.原文地址http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/12/the-year-in-sleep/383990/

      Everybody sleeps—so goes the Sesame Street song meant for obstinately awake children. That may be true, but what people stay up late to catch—or wake up early in order not to miss—varies by culture.

      Around the world, people changed sleep patterns thanks to the start or end of daylight savings time. Russians, for example, began to wake up about a half-hour later each day after President Vladimir Putin shifted the country permanently to “winter time” starting on October 26.

      Russia’s other late nights and early mornings generally coincided with public holidays. One such spike was on New Year’s Eve, which Russians tend to ring in with unusual fervor, as well as on World War II Victory Day. According to another Jawbone finding, Russians have the world’s latest bedtime on December 31, hitting the hay at around 3:30 a.m.

      Russians also got up an hour later on International Women’s Day, the day for coddling and celebrating female relatives.

      Similarly, Americans’ late nights, late mornings, and longest sleeps coincided with three-day weekends.

      Canada got the least sleep of the year the night it beat Sweden in the Olympic hockey final.

      The World Cup was also a major sleep-deprivation culprit. The worst night for sleep in the U.K. was the night of the England-Italy match on June 14. Brits stayed up a half-hour later to watch it, and then they woke up earlier than usual the next morning thanks to summer nights, the phenomenon in which the sun barely sets in northern countries in the summertime. That was nothing, though, compared to Germans, Italians, and the French, who stayed up around an hour and a half later on various days throughout the summer to watch the Cup.

      It should be made clear that not everyone has a device to record their sleep patterns; in some of these nations, it’s likely that only the richest people do. And people who elect to track their sleep may try to get more sleep than the average person. Even if that’s the case, though, the above findings are still striking. If the most health-conscious among us have such deep swings in our shut-eye levels throughout the year, how much sleep are the rest of us losing?

      61題,定位到第一段最后一句“varies by culture”,所以答案選A——They are culture-related.

      62題,由題干的大寫名詞Russian定位到第二段和第三段.第二段的“Russian, for example, began to wake up about a half-hour later each day”這一句是干擾句,起得晚不一定睡得早,所以答案推不出“他們比其他地方的人睡得更久”.然后看到第三段“Russia’s other late nights and early mornings generally coincided with public holidays”,所以答案為C——They don’t sleep much on holidays.

      63題,題干問的是歐洲人缺乏睡眠的major cause主要原因是什么,由題干的大寫名詞Europeans’ loss定位到倒數第二段的“compared to Germans, Italians, and the French, who stayed up around an hour and a half later on various days throughout the summer to watch the Cup”,原文的Germans, Italians, and the French就是題干中“Europeans”的同義改寫,而他們stayed up就是為了to watch the Cup,所以說他們缺乏睡眠的原因便是C選項——The World Cup.

      64題,問的是富有的人使用設備來記錄他們的睡眠模式的原因.由rich people以及device定位到最后一段第一句,定位句只說到了記錄的事實,而非其原因.按照四級閱讀金三句原則看到定位句的下一句“And people who elect to track their sleep may try to get more sleep than the average person”,記錄睡眠的人是想要得到比普通人更多的睡眠,所以答案是B——They want to get sufficient sleep.

      65題,問的是作者在最后一段所表達的觀點,定位到最后一句If the most health-conscious among us have such deep swings in our shut-eye levels throughout the year, how much sleep are the rest of us losing? 作者提到了health-conscious,人們對健康的意識是缺乏的,對健康是視而不見的,所以答案選B——Few people really know the importance of sleep.

      第三套

      56 C It might have a negative effect on creative work.

      57 A They combine clock-based and task-based planning

      58 D They tend to be more productive.

      59 B It does not attach enough importance to task-based practice.

      60 D A scientific standard should be adopted in a job evaluation.

      61 A Her past record might stand in her way to a new life.

      62 B They are deprived of chances to turn over a new leaf

      63 C They are marginalized in society

      64 D A lot of them have negative effects on society

      65 B To appeal for changes in America’s criminal justice system.

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